Mozambique’s 6th multi-party general election

Updates continue below.

14h00, 19/10/2019

In its first official reaction to the preliminary results of the 15 October general elections, the biggest opposition party in Mozambique (RENAMO) demands that the electoral results be cancelled and new elections be organized. This demand is based on the fact that the elections suffered from numerous irregularities which clearly favoured the ruling Frelimo.

However, some local and international observers such as the EU and the US, although having reported the irregularities that Renamo is using as a basis for the cancelation of the election, have concluded that the elections were in general peaceful and safe.

Meanwhile, with 33.50% processing, the official preliminary counting continues to give advantage to incumbent Filipe Nyusi and the ruling Frelimo.

Presidential results: Filipe Nyusi – 69.58%; Ossufo Momade – 25.45%; Daviz Simango – 4.16% and Mário Albino – 0.82%.

Parlamentary results: Frelimo – 70.92%; MDM – 3.76% and Renamo – 23.40%

At the provincial level, Frelimo continues to lead the counting in all the 10 provinces of the country.


12h30, 18/10/2019

The Technical Secretariat for Electoral Administration of Mozambique (STAE) has finally started publishing preliminary official results of the 15 October elections on its website. For presidential elections, with 2.75% processing, the incumbent Filipe Nyusi (Frelimo) continues to lead with 75.88%, followed by Renamo’s Ossufo Momade (20.02%), MDM Daviz Simango (3.14%) and Mário Albino (AMUSI) with 0.96%. Preliminary results for parliamentary voting is showing a similar tendency. With 2.35% of processing, the results are: Frelimo (71.95%); RENAMO (21.67%); MDM (3%) and 23 other smaller political parties with less than 1%.

At provincial level, out of the 10 existing provinces, preliminary results are only available for the provinces of Nampula, Zambézia, Tete and Maputo. So far, the results are: Nampula: Frelimo (64.60%); Renamo (30.52%); AMUSI (1.88%) and MDM (3%). Zambézia: Frelimo (70.93%); Renamo (25.22%) and MDM (3.85%). Tete: Frelimo (90.04%); Renamo (8.33%) and MDM (1.63%). Maputo: Frelimo (85.78%); Renamo (10.25%); MDM (3.37%) and PARESO and PARENA with less than 1%.



18h00, 16/10/2019

Preliminary results (projections) give expressive victory to incumbent Filipe Nyusi (Frelimo) with 72%, followed by Ossufo Momade (Renamo) with 21%, and Daviz Simango (MDM) with 5.8% (Sala da Paz). If confirmed, this result may not differ substantially from the results that their respective parties will obtain in this election. Results on the provincial assemblies and national parliament are yet to be known. Electoral abstention will probably be at around 50% confirming voters frustration with the electoral system in Mozambique. These results pose direct challenges to the recently signed peace agreement of which its survival depends on power sharing mainly with RENAMO. In a context of Mozambique’s economic crisis, the incumbent president and Frelimo will have achieved one of the best electoral victories in the history of multiparty elections in Mozambique.


11h00, 16/10/2019

With only 870 ballot boxes counted so far, out of 20 570, Frelimo’s candidate Filipe Nyusi is leading (198,485 votes), followed by RENAMO’s Ossufo Momade (53,482) and MDM’s Daviz Simango (14,659), according to the national radio broadcaster Radio Moçambique (RM).


09h00, 16/10/2019

Counting has been underway in Mozambique since 18h00 yesterday for the 2019 general elections. As with the previous update, no major acts of violence have been recorded. However, there are numerous allegations of the stuffing of ballot boxes; reports of more votes having been cast than there are registered voters at some ballot boxes; civil society observers have been refused access to observe voting, particularly in the opposition’s stronghold provinces (Nampula, Zambézia) and in Frelimo’s Gaza province, according to some sources. Nampula and Zambézia provinces have always voted in favor of Renamo, the opposition party. Additionally, there is a lack of coverage on television, where screentime is being given to cartoons rather than the counting process.

Police presence being too close to the voting stations is another irregularity recorded by independent sources. The Cabo Delgado Province, where a military conflict has been active since 2017, has so far not experienced any major incident.

In terms of results, although information is scarce to obtain, it is said that the incumbent Filipe Nyusi (Frelimo) is leading. This election will see the election of the president, 250 MPs, 10 provincial assemblies, and their respective governors.


18h30, 15/10/2019

Counting has just begun in some of the 20 570 ballot boxes prepared for the 2019 general elections in Mozambique. No major violence has been recorded so far.


10h00, 15/10/2019

About 13 million Mozambican voters are expected to cast their votes today countrywide. Incumbent Filipe Nyusi (Frelimo), Ossufo Momade (Renamo), Daviz Simango and Mário Muquissince (AMUSI) are the presidential candidates. For the first time in the history of Mozambique, this general election will also include voting for provincial assemblies, apart from the usual election of the country president and the national parliament. The new format has resulted from the recently signed fragile peace process which is also being tested in today’s voting.

This is the 6th general election in Mozambique since the introduction of multiparty elections in 1994. The electoral campaign was characterized by numerous acts of violence which saw at least 19 people killed, according to the government. Violence is also expected to erupt when at around 6pm today the ballot boxes will be closed for counting. Rigging in favor of Frelimo, the ruling party which has been in power since independence in 1975, is a recurring practice and is the major reason for pre and post electoral violence in Mozambique. Electoral abstention is also expected to be another challenge in today’s election if the trend continues.


Text and photographs by Fredson Guilengue, Deputy Regional Director Rosa Luxemburg Stiftung Southern Africa.
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